Occupational Therapy (OT) in the schools is considered a related service and is provided to help students benefit from their educational program. To be eligible for OT, students must be identified as either having a disability under the criteria of The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Consideration for receipt of OT is a team decision and is based on whether OT services would be both educationally relevant and necessary for the student to demonstrate optimum participation and success within the educational environment.
Occupational Therapists provide assessment and treatment of performance difficulties in the environment where these tasks are being carried out. For children, school is a primary environment in which to master personal care, playing, learning and pre-vocational skills. In the context of a multi-disciplinary team, the occupational therapist offers the following:
Indirect OT Services are provided to various members of the school team on behalf of the student and may include the following:
Direct OT Services are provided directly to students and may include the following: